Laboratory Fume Hoods-Types,Application And Instructions

Laboratory fume hoods play a crucial role in ensuring a safe and controlled environment for scientific research and experimentation. These essential pieces of equipment help protect researchers and laboratory personnel from potentially hazardous fumes, vapors, and airborne particles. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various types of laboratory fume hoods, their applications, and provide essential instructions for their optimal use. 

Key Points to Note:

  1. Proper Waste Disposal: Avoid disposing of waste in fume hoods. Equip hoods with condensers, traps, or scrubbers to manage waste effectively, ensuring compliance with codes and regulations.
  2. Chemical Storage: Limit the amount of chemicals in fume hoods during procedures. Store hazardous chemicals in approved safety cabinets, particularly flammable liquids.
  3. Peak Performance Maintenance: Follow procedures to maintain optimal hood performance. Avoid excessive storage of materials or equipment in hoods to prevent eddy currents or reverse flows that could release contaminants.
  4. Reagent Handling: Keep reagents capped in hoods to minimize evaporation. Despite fume expulsion, reducing evaporation helps protect both the environment and operators in the laboratory.

I. Types of Laboratory Fume Hoods

  • Ducted Fume Hoods: Ducted fume hoods are the most common type found in laboratories. They are connected to an exhaust system that safely removes contaminated air to the outside. This type is ideal for handling toxic or noxious chemicals, as it ensures the efficient removal of harmful substances.
  • Ductless Fume Hoods: Ductless fume hoods, also known as recirculating or filtered fume hoods, utilize a filtration system to clean and recirculate air within the laboratory. These hoods are suitable for environments where external venting is impractical or too costly. They offer flexibility in lab layout and are energy-efficient.
  • Canopy Hoods: Canopy hoods are designed for larger equipment or apparatus that emits fumes. These hoods have a wide opening at the bottom, allowing the placement of bulky equipment. They are commonly used in applications such as distillation and crystallization.
  • Perchloric Acid Hoods: Perchloric acid hoods are specifically designed for handling perchloric acid and other corrosive substances. These hoods feature wash-down systems to prevent the accumulation of perchlorates, reducing the risk of chemical reactions and potential hazards.
  • Radioisotope Hoods: Radioisotope hoods are tailored for working with radioactive materials. They have lead shielding to protect researchers from radiation exposure and are equipped with HEPA filters to trap radioactive particles.

II. Applications of Laboratory Fume Hoods

  • Chemical Handling: Laboratory fume hoods are extensively used for handling various chemicals, including corrosive, toxic, and volatile substances. The ventilation system ensures that fumes are effectively removed, protecting researchers and maintaining a safe working environment.
  • Biological Research: In biological research, fume hoods are crucial for working with microorganisms and biological agents. They prevent the release of airborne contaminants, safeguarding both researchers and the surrounding environment.
  • Pharmaceutical Research: Pharmaceutical laboratories often deal with potent drugs and chemicals. Fume hoods provide a controlled environment for handling these substances, preventing exposure and ensuring the integrity of research outcomes.
  • Analytical Chemistry: Fume hoods are essential in analytical chemistry labs where precise measurements and controlled conditions are crucial. They help maintain a clean environment for delicate instruments and protect researchers from hazardous vapors.
  • Material Testing and Analysis: Laboratories involved in material testing and analysis rely on fume hoods to handle substances that emit fumes during testing processes. These hoods contribute to accurate and reliable results by minimizing external contamination.

III. Instructions for Laboratory Fume Hood Use

  • Proper Installation and Maintenance: Laboratory fume hoods must be installed and maintained according to manufacturer specifications. Regular inspections, filter replacements, and performance checks are essential to ensure optimal functionality.
  • Clear Workspaces: Keep the fume hood workspace clear of unnecessary items to allow for proper airflow and prevent blockages. Only materials essential to the experiment or task at hand should be present inside the hood.
  • Face Velocity Adjustment: Adjust the face velocity of the fume hood according to the specific application. This ensures that the hood effectively captures and removes contaminants. Consult the manufacturer's guidelines for recommended face velocities.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Always wear appropriate PPE, including gloves, goggles, and lab coats, when working with fume hoods. Additional protective gear may be necessary based on the nature of the materials being handled.
  • Proper Sash Usage: Use the sash properly to maintain containment. Keep the sash closed as much as possible during experiments and open it only when necessary. Adjust the sash height to achieve optimal face velocity.
  • Emergency Procedures: Familiarize yourself with emergency procedures, including the location of emergency shut-off switches and alarms. Laboratories should have clear evacuation plans in case of a fume hood malfunction or other emergencies.

Read More: Types of pharma equipment

IV. Importance of Choosing the Right Lab Furniture

  • Lab Furniture Manufacturers: The choice of lab furniture manufacturers is critical in ensuring the quality and durability of laboratory furniture. Reputable manufacturers adhere to industry standards and provide customizable solutions to meet the unique needs of different laboratories.
  • Modular Lab Furniture: Modular lab furniture offers flexibility in lab design and layout. These customizable solutions allow laboratories to adapt to changing research requirements efficiently. Modular furniture also facilitates easy expansion or reconfiguration of lab spaces.
  • Turnkey Laboratory Solutions: Turnkey laboratories provide comprehensive solutions that include design, construction, and installation of the entire laboratory setup. This approach ensures seamless integration of lab furniture, fume hoods, and other equipment, saving time and resources.
  • Metal Lab Cabinets: Metal lab cabinets are preferred for their durability and resistance to chemicals. Stainless steel cabinets, for example, are corrosion-resistant and easy to clean, making them suitable for storing chemicals and laboratory equipment.
  • Laboratory Fume Hood Manufacturers: When selecting laboratory fume hoods, it's crucial to choose reputable manufacturers. Reliable manufacturers design and produce fume hoods that meet safety standards, ensuring the protection of laboratory personnel and the integrity of research.


Laboratory fume hoods are indispensable tools for ensuring a safe and controlled working environment in laboratories. Understanding the different types of fume hoods, their applications, and following proper instructions for their use are paramount for the safety of researchers and the success of scientific endeavors. Also, the selection of high-quality lab furniture, including modular solutions and metal lab cabinets, contributes to the overall efficiency and functionality of the laboratory. Collaborating with reputable lab furniture manufacturers and laboratory fume hood manufacturers ensures that laboratories are equipped with reliable and durable solutions, meeting the evolving needs of scientific research.



  1. Q: What are the different types of laboratory fume hoods and their specific applications?
    A: Learn about various types of fume hoods and their applications to enhance safety in laboratory environments.
  2. Q: How does proper maintenance contribute to the effectiveness of laboratory fume hoods?
    A: Understand the role of maintenance in ensuring optimal performance and safety of laboratory fume hoods.
  3. Q: Are there guidelines for selecting the right laboratory fume hood based on specific research requirements?
    A: Explore considerations and guidelines for choosing the most suitable fume hood for diverse laboratory applications.
  4. Q: What safety measures and instructions should researchers follow when using laboratory fume hoods?
    A: Discover essential safety instructions to ensure proper usage and minimize risks when working with laboratory fume hoods.
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